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Ensuring Safety and the Overall

Well-Being of Trees

Tree Surgery and Hedging

When taking on tree work or tree felling, there are several factors to consider, such as access, obstructions, safety, tree health, TPOs, conservation, and many more. We are here to help you through the process, from the start of the tree surgery work to the finish. We can even contact the relevant councils planning department and submit any planning applications required.

Here at Fairington Tree Surgery, Fencing & Landscapes in Bristol, United Kingdom, we are committed to helping local residents and businesses, along with customers from further afield, maintain beautiful and healthy trees and shrubs. 

Tree Surgery

Tree surgery is necessary when building homes and commercial properties. It ensures the safety and overall well-being of the tree. Whether removing old and dangerous trees or carrying out pruning work while perhaps allowing more natural light into the premises, professional tree surgery is required as the process can be extremely delicate.

Additionally, without proper expertise, you can cause more damage than good or even serious injury and property damage.

All our climbers and ground staff are fully trained and qualified to the highest level for whatever part of the job they are assigned to do. Moreover, Fairington Tree Surgery, Fencing & Landscapes carries a £2,000,000 public liability cover.

Below is the list and description of the most common tree surgery work undertaken by most of the professional tree surgery businesses, like Fairington Tree Surgery, Fencing & Landscapes.

Crown Thinning

Crown thinning removes a portion of smaller/tertiary branches. These branches are often located at the outer crown. This procedure produces a uniform density of foliage around an evenly spaced branch structure. It is usually confined to broad-leaved species.

Crown thinning does not change the size and shape of the tree. The material should be removed systematically throughout the tree and should not exceed 30% of the tree’s overall height.

The common reasons for crown thinning are to:

  • Allow more light to pass through the tree

  • Reduce wind resistance

  • Reduce weight (However, this does not necessarily reduce leverage on the structure and is rarely a once-only operation, particularly on species that are known to produce large amounts of epicormic growth.)

Crown Lifting

Crown lifting removes the lowest branches and/or prepares the lower branches for future removal. This should not normally include the removal of large branches growing directly from the trunk because they can cause large wounds. These wounds can become extensively decayed, leading to further long-term problems or more short-term biomechanical instability.

Crown lifting on older mature trees or shortening of primary branches should be avoided or restricted to secondary branches, rather than the whole removal, whenever possible.

Crown lifting effectively helps in increasing light transmission to areas closer to the tree or enabling access under the crown. However, it should be restricted to less than 15% of the live crown height and should leave the crown at least 2/3 of the total height of the tree. Crown lifting should also be identified with reference to a fixed point.

Crown Reduction

Tree reduction takes place in the height and/or spread of the crown (the foliage bearing portions) of a tree. Crown reduction may lessen the mechanical stress of the individual branches or the whole tree.

The result should maintain the main framework of the crown. Thus, the leaf-bearing form leaves a similar, hence tinier, outline. Crown reduction cuts should be tiny and not go beyond 100 mm diameter unless the situation requires.

Reductions should be specified by actual measurements whenever possible and reflect the finished result. However, they may also refer to lengths of parts to be removed to aid clarity, e.g. crown reduction in height by 2.0 m and lateral spread by 1.0 m all round to finished crown dimensions of 18 m in height by 11 m in spread (all measurements are approximate).

Not all species are recommended to undergo this treatment. Also, crown reduction should not be compared with ‘topping.’

Tree Removal/Felling

Sometimes, due to the condition, size, or location of a tree, tree removal or felling is the only option. We specialise in tree removal by investing in the latest training and technology to make this as efficient and safe as possible. We have undertaken the necessary NPTC qualifications in big tree felling, rigging, and wood processing — a guarantee that we are 100% insured.

We can also remove all unwanted wood and waste from any tree. With today’s land development and more recent housing estates, people are finding that trees are becoming too big or potentially dangerous for them. Due to these notions and with various fungi- and disease-causing damages that trees acquire, we offer full tree removal services like stump grinding. We also aim to stop the spread of cotangents.


Pollarding a tree means removing all the smaller growth to keep a structure of larger branches without leaf matter. This practice is not suitable for mature trees that have never been subjected to pollarding as large wounds all over it could be fatal.

Once pollarding is introduced to a tree, it is usually carried out annually or bi-annually to develop a pollard head on each branch where the majority of new growth will sprout from. This method is best used on trees that may have outgrown their immediate space or trees that require periodic pruning for health reasons.

All waste will be removed and disposed of. Also, 90% of the waste will be recycled. Logs and woodchip can be left on the site if requested.


In addition to tree work, we, here at Fairington Tree Surgery, Fencing & Landscapes also trim, reduce, and remove hedges. For many people, trimming their boundary hedges can be a daunting task. We can remove all the stress for you. From yew hedges to beech hedges and from short to tall, we can do them all.

Unless we are reducing the hedge, we would always normally try to trim the hedge to where it was previously done. With some hedges being neglected for years, we can also reduce your hedge to maintain a manageable height. We can totally remove the hedge and replant a new one as well.

Please browse through the rest of our website for more details on our full range of services, our health and safety information, and other queries. Please do not hesitate to get in touch through our contact page for any other questions or for scheduling a home visit.

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